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The significance of selected minerals

No animal can live without minerals. The significance of this has only been recognized by modern science for around 100 years. Since this time, scientists and animal nutritionists have been trying to supplement the daily natural feed for livestock and wild animals in a way that guarantees optimum performance and robust health. It is very difficult to determine the exact mineral requirements of an individual animal, due to various basic feeds and concentrated feedstuffs, required performance but also the respective individual inclination. However, considerable research has been conducted on numerous principle effects of single elements on the organism of the animal.

Major elements

Major elements

Sodium stabilizes, among other things, the osmotic pressure in the cells, it regulates the water-balance and plays a major role for the impulse transmission in the nerve tissue and the arousal of the muscle fibres. Together with chlorine it is indispensable for regulation of the acid/alkaline balance.

Deficiency symptoms: loss of appetite, reduced performance, loss of weight, licking addiction.
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Magnesium is important for the function of muscles and nerves and for bone structure. Moreover, it activates numerous enzymes vital to the physical energy metabolism.

Deficiency symptoms: restlessness and stress, cramps all the way to hypomagnesaemia (pasture disease), weight loss.
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Calcium plays a major role in neural transmissions and is a significant component of the bone structure. It also plays an important role in forming milk and is a valuable component of the milk. It also plays an important role in blood clotting.

Deficiency symptoms: Malfunctions in the development of bones and also in the metabolism processes.
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(Major elements exist in concentrations of > 50 mg/kg body mass of the animal)

Trace elements

Trace elements

Manganese is necessary for the mineral and fat metabolism. It activates or is part of numerous enzymes involved in metabolism processes.

Deficiency symptoms: reduces fertility, reduced growth, neurological disorders as well as abnormal development of the skeleton.
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Zinc is an essential component of numerous proteins. It has a very important function for the structure and regeneration of the skin. It is also indispensible for an intact immune system.

Deficiency symptoms: Hair loss, delay in wound healing, increased disposition for infections, reduced food-intake.
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Iodine is indispensable for the thyroid function and therefore also for the control of numerous metabolic processes. It increases all energy production processes.

Deficiency symptoms: goitre formation, loss of appetite, malfunctions of fertility, reduced basal metabolic rate, lethargy.
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Copper
has an important function for the formation of nerves, blood, connective tissue and bones. It is indispensible for iron metabolism. When feeding, attention is to be paid to the fact that sheep can only discharge a limited amount of copper via the gall bladder.

Deficiency symptoms: Iron utilization disorders, disorder of the central nervous system, increased brittleness of the collagenous skeleton and pigmentogenesis disorders.
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Selenium is a component of many proteins. It is important for anti-oxidative processes and iodine metabolism. As so-called "radical catcher” selenium is indispensable for the organism of the animals.

Deficiency symptoms: Reduced growth, weak newborns, immuno-deficiency, fertility disorders, muscle weakness and muscular atrophy.
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(Trace elements exist in concentrations of < 50mg/kg body mass of the animal)  

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